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Emissions Testing & Standards for Indoor Forklift Applications

When utilizing LP, gas and diesel forklifts for indoor applications, there is a high risk of dangerous emissions with fuel burning. That risk quickly increases when the building where you’re using the forklift is not up-to-date with ventilation requirements.

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Warehouse Operations: Finding your Aisle Dimensions

Before purchasing a forklift, it’s critical to know your aisle dimensions so that you select a forklift that will work in your environment. Taking the time to do this will save your company time and money and avoid the headache of purchasing a forklift that won’t work for your space. Use our guide to ensure you select the right forklift for your warehouse operation.

All the following measurements have been done with MCFA products specification sheets and using a standard pallet racking system (42” frames) with standard 48’’L X 40” W pallets.

Please note: When looking at your layout, you must take into account all building columns, utilities, and other obstructions that may affect your layout and prevent you from optimizing the number of pallets available.

Sit-Down Counterbalanced Forklifts

Sit-Down Counterbalanced Forklift Aisle Clearance

Sit-Down Counterbalanced Forklift Aisle Clearance

A sit-down counterbalanced forklift with a capacity rating of up to 6,000 lbs. will require aisle widths of approximately 13-feet for handling standard 48″ long pallets. This will also take into account the use of right angle stacking for placement of loads inside the storage racks.

Aisle Dimensions for Sit-Down Counterbalanced Forklifts

When using a sit-down counterbalanced forklift of any fuel type, with a capacity of 4,000 lbs. to 6,000 lbs., handling standard 48″ long pallets of materials, the standard requirement is 13-foot wide aisles for storing and retrieving pallets from the pallet racking.

When using a 3,000 lbs. capacity sit-down counterbalanced forklift, you will require 12.5-foot wide aisles, which won’t differ much from the 13-foot aisles mentioned above. You won’t get extra storage out of a lower capacity forklift.

For every additional double-row of racks added to the layout shown below, you are required to have an additional 21 feet of building width to accommodate the double rows of racking and the additional clearance width to access those racks.

When looking at your layout, you must take into account all building columns, utilities, and other obstructions that may affect your layout and prevent you from optimizing the number of pallets available.

Aisle Dimensions for Sit-Down Counterbalanced Forklifts

Aisle Dimensions for Sit-Down Counterbalanced Forklifts

Narrow Aisle Stand-up Counterbalance Forklifts

Narrow Aisle Stand-up Counterbalanced Forklift Aisle Clerance

Narrow Aisle Stand-up Counterbalanced Forklift Aisle Clearance

Narrow aisle stand-up counterbalanced forklifts will require aisle widths of approximately 11 feet for handling any standard 48″ long pallet loads, for right angle stacking of loads in storage racking. This is true for most narrow aisle forklifts that are rated capacities of 3,000 lbs. to 5,500 lbs.

Narrow Aisle reach trucks with a single reach application is also known as a pantograph forklift can operate at capacities up to 4,500 lbs. in aisles as narrow as 8.5-9 feet wide.

Aisle Dimensions for Narrow Aisle Stand-Up Counterbalanced Forklifts

When using a Narrow Aisle Stand-up counterbalanced forklift with a rated capacity of 3,000 lbs. to 4,500 lbs. while handling a standard 48″ pallet, you require an approximately 11-foot wide aisle for storing and retrieving pallets in a standard racking system.

For each additional double row of racks added to your layout shown below, you will require an additional 19 feet of building width to accommodate the double rows of racks and the additional width needed to access those racks.

When looking at your layout you must take into account all building columns, utilities, and other obstructions that may affect your layout thus prevent you from optimizing the number of pallets available for use.

Aisle Dimensions for Narrow Aisle Stand-up Counterbalanced Forklifts

Aisle Dimensions for Narrow Aisle Stand-up Counterbalanced Forklifts

Turret or Swing-Mast Very Narrow Aisle Forklifts

Very Narrow Aisle Forklift Clearance

 Very Narrow Aisle Forklift Clearance

Turret or swing-mast narrow aisle forklifts require aisle widths approximately 6 feet with standard 48’’ long pallets with loads to be placed and retrieved inside the racking system. This type of forklift has an articulating swivel mast that pivots to place pallets on either the left or right of the machine into the standard racking system.

This type of narrow picking is accomplished with the first-in-first-out inventory system; which has many types of the same SKU (Stock Keep Units) and very few or only one or two loads of each is held within the inventory.

Aisle Dimensions for Turret or Swing Mast Forklifts

When using a Swing Mast or Turret Truck from 3,000 lbs. to 3,500 lbs. capacity that is handling the average 48″ pallet with a load you require approximately 6-feet wide aisles for storing and retrieving pallets out of the racks.

For each additional double row of racks added to the layout shown below you would require an additional 14 feet of building width to accommodate the double rows of racks and additional aisle needed to access those loads.

When looking at your layout you must take into account all building columns, utilities, and other obstructions that may affect your layout and prevent you from optimizing the number of pallets available for use.

Aisle Dimensions for Very Narrow Aisle Forklifts

Aisle Dimensions for Very Narrow Aisle Forklifts

Narrow Aisle Double Reach Forklifts

Narrow Aisle Double Reach Forklifts

Narrow Aisle Double Reach Forklifts

Stand up rider narrow aisle double reach or deep reach forklifts will require an aisle width of approximately 10 feet for standard 48″ long pallets with loads for placing and storing on standard racking at a right angle.

These forklifts have double scissor pantograph allowing for storage and retrieval in two deep standard racking.

Aisle Dimensions for Narrow Aisle Double Reach Forklifts

When using a Narrow Aisle Double Reach forklift that carries approximately 3,500 lbs on a standard 48″ pallet with a load you are required to have approximately 10-feet wide aisles for clearance when placing and retrieving pallets from the racking system.

For each additional quad-row of racking you must add to the layout (see right), you will be required to have an additional 26 feet of building width to accommodate the four rows of racks and additional aisles needed to access those racks.

When looking at your layout you must take into account all building columns, utilities, and other obstructions that may affect the layout and prevent you from optimizing the number of pallets available.

Aisle Dimensions for Narrow Aisle Double/Deep Reach Forklifts

Aisle Dimensions for Narrow Aisle Double/Deep Reach Forklifts


Finding your warehouse aisle dimensions is important for choosing the correct forklift for your application. Ensure that you don’t make costly mistakes by contacting us or calling one of our experienced forklift experts to assist with the measurements at 1 (800) 458-7941.

Originally published 12/16/2016
Updated 4/5/2019


Forklift Classes: What You Need To Know

Multiple Forklift Drawings on Blue Strip Background

Forklift classes can get complicated, whether you have been working in the material handling industry your entire life or as a novice forklift operator. We created this guide to help you decide which forklift class is most important for your business or application.

Electric Motor Rider Trucks Class 1 Banner

Class I forklifts have electric motors and allow operators to operate them while standing or sitting. They use a heavy battery as their primary power source, which also serves as the counterbalance for the lift truck.

With options for either cushion or pneumatic tires, these trucks are highly versatile for any application. Pneumatic-tire models are intended for applications with uneven surfaces, like gravel, while cushion-tired trucks are best suited for flat, indoor surfaces like warehouses or large retail stores. Some benefits include being quieter, reduced fuel costs, usage in strict air quality applications, and lower maintenance costs.

Class I forklifts include CAT counterbalanced forklifts, Mitsubishi counterbalanced forklifts, and Junheinrich counterbalanced forklifts.

Electric Motor Narrow Aisle Trucks Class 2 Banner

Class II forklifts have solid, cushion tires and are engineered specifically for smaller, indoor work environments. Several of these forklifts perform a specific job, designed with specific attachments.

The concept behind Class II forklifts is to increase the efficiency of space and speed of operation. Such forklifts include side loaders, order pickers, turret trucks, and reach trucks.

Electric Motor Hand or Hand & Rider Trucks Class 3 Banner

Class III forklifts, such as Mitsubishi walkies and Jungheinrich stackers, effectively transport products in the warehouse or retail stores at low lifting heights, either out of trailers to low-level racking or out to the retail floor.

These electric hand trucks are commonly used in applications that don’t require long distances or high lifting heights such as stores, small warehouses, or loading/unloading small trailers. Class III forklifts are controlled by a handle located in the back of the truck, hence being called an electric motor hand truck. The handle controls the speed, steering, and lifting.

Internal Combustion Engine Trucks & Cushion Tires Class 4 Banner

Class IV forklifts are commonly used to move goods from loading docks to elevated storage areas. They can be used outdoors but are favored in indoor warehouses due to their adverse traction on wet or uneven surfaces. Also, they are lower to the ground than most forklifts, providing a lower clearance.

Class IV forklifts operate on diesel, gasoline, LP gas or compressed natural gas. This class of forklifts is specific for equipment with cushion tires, which are designed to be driven on dry, smooth surfaces. Class IV forklifts include internal combustion, cushion tire CAT forklifts and Mitsubishi forklifts.

Internal Combustion Engine Trucks & Pneumatic Tires Class 5 Banner

Just like the forklifts in Class IV, these lift trucks use the same type of fuel but they utilize pneumatic tires and have a wider range usage. Class V forklifts include internal combustion, pneumatic tire CAT forklifts and Mitsubishi forklifts.

Pneumatic tires are designed for rugged applications, thus allowing it to be used on uneven surfaces like gravel, but they can also be used in indoor applications as well. They can be outfitted with special solid tires that reduce the chance of punctures. Class V forklifts are commonly used in outdoor applications like lumber yards, metal fabrication, stone yards, and industrial machinery.

Electric & Internal Combustion Engine Tractors Class 6 Banner

Particularly designed for pulling rather than lifting, Class VI forklifts are normally called “Tuggers.” Commonly used at airports, lugging baggage carts between terminals and planes, these lift trucks come in both internal combustion and electric choices.

An example of the Class VI forklift is the Jungheinrich EZS 720NA tow tractor.

Rough Terrain Forklift Trucks Class 7 Banner

Class VII forklift trucks are heavy-duty and typically have large tractor-like tires. These trucks are commonly used on applications that require additional power on rough terrains, like lumber yards or construction sites. This class of forklifts exclusively run on diesel and come in two and four-wheel drive options.

Also, they can have different types of masts, including a telescoping mast to give more reach. Other options for this class can be mounted on the back of large trucks and hauled between job sites.

Class VII rough-terrain forklifts examples include:

Do you have questions about what class of forklift would best fit your application? Give us a call at (855)-662-4379.

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OSHA Forklift Pre-Operational Inspection Checklist

From a single forklift to a whole fleet, a pre-operational inspection of your equipment is necessary on a daily basis. This OSHA Forklift Pre-Operational Inspection Checklist will help keep your equipment, workers, and company safe from any potential harms. Continue reading »

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Towing & Recovery Truck Mobile Parts Store

To better serve you, we are introducing our new Mobile Parts Store for Towing and Recovery Equipment. Having your towing and recovery trucks up and running is essential to keeping your operation working smoothly, and we understand that.

When a truck is down, there is the risk of not being able to keep up with demand. We want to provide tow support by helping you minimize lead times while making it convenient as possible to buy parts, so you get exactly what you need when you need it.

In addition to offering tow support through Express Parts delivery, your location can be added to our quarterly, monthly or even weekly schedule. How often our van stops by is based on your needs and preference for when you need to browse the impressive inventory in our mobile store. No obligations and no commitment to buy, so there is nothing to lose.

Learn more about our tow truck support and Mobile Support Parts Store by contacting our Parts Department today.

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Jungheinrich: Top Tier Warehouse Solutions

It may be hard to pronounce – Jungheinrich (Young-Hine-Rick), but you will know the name.

Who is Jungheinrich?

Jungheinrich is one of the largest global forklift manufacturers headquartered in Hamburg, Germany. Established in 1953, Jugnehinrich has had over 60 years to develop and strengthen its electric forklift capabilities. The product line is fully-support in America through Mitsubishi Caterpillar Forklift America Inc (MCFA) and has over 340 dealers supporting this product line. With 5 major parts warehouses, Jungheinrich is able to offer a 24-hour parts delivery or its free guaranteed.

Strong Electric Game:

While others are just getting started in the electric lift truck game, Jungheinrich is on their 5th generation technology and with more than 60 years under their belt. With all of that experience, they’re capable of offering a 2 Shifts on 1 Battery Charge – Guaranteed:

  • Guaranteed to run 16 hours on 1 battery charge.
  • No interim charging necessary.
  • No battery swapping.
  • No additional battery needed.
  • Offered on several Jungheinrich Models.

Class 1-3 Forklift Solutions:

Jungheinrich has high-quality solutions for all of your class 1, 2, and 3 needs for a warehouse. A full warehouse product line from tuggers and sit-down counterbalanced trucks all the way up to reach and turret trucks. We are confident we can find a product that will best fit your warehouse’s needs and exceed your productivity expectations.

Jungheinrich is a strong product for the electric forklift market. As a local dealer for Northeast Ohio, we are proud to offer this product as a high-quality solution for customers.

For more information contact us at 330-633-6000!

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Protect Your Forklift: Covers, Options, and Benefits

Your forklifts are investments, and it is important to protect these investments from inclement weather and everyday wear and tear. Some of the popular options include forklift seat covers, forklift cab covers, and covers that attach to forks. Check out some of the inexpensive options below:

Seat Covers:

It may sound simple, but adding a seat cover to your forklift will help protect it from wear and tear. Over time, seats exposed to water or the sun tend to crack and would eventually need replacing to keep your operators comfortable. The cost for a replacement seat over a seat cover is pennies to dollars and the simple investment can save you hundreds of dollars and hours of downtime. Typically seat covers are a nylon fabric that stretches over the seat for a simple and secure fit to your existing seat, providing more life to your seats and an extra layer of comfort.

Fork Covers:

Forklift forks get used for the most part and receive the heaviest damage during normal use. A way to help cut the cost of replacement forks are fork covers or sometimes called “fork socks”. Fork covers made of a heavy-duty nylon webbing made to cut scratches or damage from picking up loads. These covers are simple to install with connectors and offer a huge financial benefit when it comes to protecting the life of your forks.

Cab Covers:

Forklift cabs are hard to protect from things like dust, rain, or falling debris. Forklift cab covers can add a layer of protection to your forklift to cut those listed above. Cab covers are a plastic or vinyl material that is capable to oppose weather and other debris. With various sizes, depending on the forklift, these covers are simple to install. If you do various jobs in wet conditions, some covers come with a domed roof with channels and gutters to divert water. These covers can also be tinted for those who spend a large part of the day in the sun, which can offer UV protection to your drivers.

Forklift covers are a great way to protect your equipment. For more information contact one of our experts about these inexpensive covers!

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Jungheinrich ETG 214-318: Stand-up Counterbalance Forklift

This is the Stand-up Counterbalance Forklift that you have been waiting for! With significant ergonomic and performance improvements, the Jungheinrich ETG 214-318 is designed to impress.

Why use a Stand-up Counterbalance Forklift?

  1. Frequently On and Off the Truck
    When your operator must leave the truck to pull pick tickets, assemble, or shrink wrap loads, a Stand-Up Counterbalance lift truck may be your best choice. It is easy and quick to get on and off.
  2. Visibility
    Visibility is a huge safety concern when operating forklifts. Stand-up Counterbalance forklifts allow the operator to see when backing up and see without having to strain their neck or completely turn around.
  3. Reduce Aisle Widths
    The Stand-Up Counterbalance lift truck, by its basic design, operates in smaller aisles widths than a similar capacity 3- wheel sit-down truck, thus improving storage utilization within the facility.

Why Choose the Jungheinrich ETG 214-318?

Check out how the Jungheinrich ETG 214-318 stacked up against the competition:

  • 40% Less Energy Consumption
  • Lifting speeds on average are 35% faster
  • Lowering speeds are up to 28.2% faster
  • Acceleration is up to 12.7% faster
  • Top Speed is up to 22.4% faster
  • Ramp performance is 19.4% faster
  • Up to 20.6% more productive!

See the features below meant to make the operator more comfortable and the equipement easier to use, which will result in higher productivity and efficiency.

  • AC electric power steering
  • Easily adjustable suspended floorboard
  • Electric controlled adjustable armrest / backrest
  • 4” HD full-color display
  • Operator presence system
  • 1,000 hours service intervals
  • Easy access to internal components
  • curveCONTROL

We are confident that when you take the demo, you’ll love it.
Schedule yours today!

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Fallsway Wins MHEDA MVP Award: 7th Straight Year!

Fallsway Equipment has been awarded the prestigious MVP (Most Valuable Partner) Award for 2019, based on their accomplishments in 2018.  This is the seventh time Fallsway Equipment has earned an MVP Award from the industry’s trade association, MHEDA (Material Handling Equipment Distributors Association).

Award recipients must satisfy a rigorous set of criteria with less than 10% of the association’s membership earning the award.   As a 2019 MVP, Fallsway Equipment has successfully demonstrated a commitment to business excellence, professionalism, and good stewardship.

To qualify for the annual MVP Award companies are required to provide evidence of their commitment to their partners in business including their customers, employees, and suppliers.  They must satisfy criteria in the following important areas:

  • Industry Advocacy
  • Customer Service & Safety Practices
  • Business Networking
  • Continuing Education
  • Business Best Practices

Fallsway equipment is a family owned company that has been in the business since 1959.  We have  160 employees working between our Akron headquarters and Youngstown branch. 

The Material Handling Equipment Distributors Association (MHEDA) is the only national trade association dedicated solely to improving the proficiency of the independent material handling distributor.  MHEDA represents close 650 companies in the material handling equipment business.  Located in suburban Chicago, the association provides services to companies seeking to improve their business through education, networking, benchmarking and best practices.  For more information, visit

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Working as a Forklift Technician

In most industries, especially the forklift industry, the service department will make or break a company. At Fallsway, we understand this and embrace it by investing heavily in our forklift technicians. With a seemingly endless benefits package and enriching culture, we are a small, family owned and operated. However, we have advancement opportunities for those who value hard work and care about their job and company. In addition, Fallsway knows that the exceptional work ethic of our employees makes our future bright. We believe company-wide growth starts with employees who are customer focused, believe in going above and beyond the call of duty, and are committed to caring for the community of businesses we work with and support.

The material handling industry is a great one to work in. First off, it is continually growing and evolving, so there is no need to worry about job security. With over a quarter of a million forklifts sold a year in North America, there is a constant demand for forklift technicians. However, there is no need for experience working on forklifts to be considered or hired,  the only thing needed is a mechanical background or interest. This includes working in the automotive industry or on cars as a hobby. We believe in expanding your current knowledge with continuous training. This is not just a job, it is a rewarding career.

As an industry leader, Fallsway offers a complete range of benefits that makes us stand out from our competitors. For example, we offer an hourly rate to our technicians, who get paid weekly. See below for a complete listing of benefits and compensation.

Start your rewarding career as a forklift technician for Fallsway Equipment Company. For more information or to submit an application click on the link provided below.


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